Statute of Limitations

Civil actions

Civil actions must be commenced and prosecuted within the following time limitations, beginning when the cause of action accrues:

One year limitation:

A.R.S. 12-541 Malicious prosecution; false imprisonment; libel or slander; seduction or breach of promise of marriage; breach of employment contract; wrongful termination; liability created by statute; one year limitation

Two year limitation:

A.R.S. 12-542 Injury to person; injury when death ensues; injury to property; conversion of property; forcible entry and forcible detainer; two year limitation

Three year limitation:

A.R.S. 12-543 Oral debt; stated or open account; relief on ground of fraud or mistake; three year limitation

Four year limitation:

A.R.S. 12-544 Bond to convey realty; partnership account; account between merchants; judgment or instrument given or made without the state; four year limitation

A.R.S. 12-545 Bond of personal representative or guardian; four year limitation

A.R.S. 12-546 Specific performance of contract to convey realty; four year limitation

Five year limitation:

A.R.S. 12-547 Failure to make return on execution; five year limitation

Six year limitation:

A.R.S. 12-548 Contract in writing for debt; six year limitation

Criminal Prosecutions

Crimes must be prosecuted within the following time limits:

A.R.S. 13-107. Time limitations

A. A prosecution for any homicide, any offense that is listed in chapter 14 or 35.1 of this title and that is a class 2 felony, any violent sexual assault pursuant to section 13-1423, any violation of section 13-2308.01, any misuse of public monies or a felony involving falsification of public records or any attempt to commit an offense listed in this subsection may be commenced at any time.

B. Except as otherwise provided in this section, prosecutions for other offenses must be commenced within the following periods after actual discovery by the state or the political subdivision having jurisdiction of the offense or discovery by the state or the political subdivision that should have occurred with the exercise of reasonable diligence, whichever first occurs:

1. For a class 2 through a class 6 felony, seven years.

2. For a misdemeanor, one year.

3. For a petty offense, six months.

C. For the purposes of subsection B of this section, a prosecution is commenced when an indictment, information or complaint is filed.

D. The period of limitation does not run during any time when the accused is absent from the state or has no reasonably ascertainable place of abode within the state.

E. The period of limitation does not run for a serious offense as defined in section 13-706 during any time when the identity of the person who commits the offense or offenses is unknown.

F. The time limitation within which a prosecution of a class 6 felony shall commence shall be determined pursuant to subsection B, paragraph 1 of this section, irrespective of whether a court enters a judgment of conviction for or a prosecuting attorney designates the offense as a misdemeanor.

G. If a complaint, indictment or information filed before the period of limitation has expired is dismissed for any reason, a new prosecution may be commenced within six months after the dismissal becomes final even if the period of limitation has expired at the time of the dismissal or will expire within six months of the dismissal.

See A.R.S. 13-107

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